Random Internet Notes


Ferrari: gigabit testbeds only covered single high-bandwidth application, not resource contention

European public networks: EuropaNet: 2 Mb/8 Mb, X.25/IP; EBONE: Renater, Aconet; 2 Mb; X.25/IP; DATEX-M; SuperJANET; SURFnet; ATM pilot (Köln, Hamburg, Berlin)

Racial Breakdown on Household PCs

Census figures show that 13.8% of African American, 26.9% of white, and 12.9% of Hispanic households have PCs. In terms of how black households use their PCs, 35.2% use them for e-mail; 24.2% for bookkeeping; 24.1% for games and entertainment; 18.8% for scheduling; 8.8% to access bulletin boards; and 7.2% to connect to computer systems at work. (St. Petersburg Times 2/27/95 B3)

PC Usage

The U.S. home computer market is thriving thanks to employees who take work home with them, according to a study by International Data Corp. IDC found 37% of U.S. homes have one or more PCs, versus 30% in Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Denmark, 28% in Germany, 24% in Britain, 15% in France, and fewer than 10% in Japan. U.S. consumers spend about 13 hours a week on their home PCs, 80% of which is work-related. (USA Today 3/7/95 B1)


[Compuserve] also announce plans to have universal 28.8Kbps access and to more than double their total world-wide number of access ports from 42,000 to 85,000 by May '96. [http://www.clark.net:80/pub/robert/060495.html]

Web hits soar, but user numbers still elusive

By John Evan Frook and Erika Welz

LOS ANGELES - Six months ago, Netscape Communications Corp. reported an average of 800,000 hits a day as part of a Forrester Research Inc. study. Last week it reported 5 million hits per day to Interactive Age. Judging from Interactive Age's Hit List, a sampling of Web traffic released this week, that explosive growth is typical of what's happening to major sites on the Web. Yahoo's average traffic increased from 840,000 hits daily in January to 1.35 million; Microsoft Corp.'s went from 17,000 hits to more than 400,000; and Sony Online reports a 50 percent increase in traffic.

    site                   hits      users
 1. Netscape          30,000,000 3,000,000
 2. Yahoo              9,452,579 1,400,000
 3. Starwave/ESPN Net  8,500,000 1,975,701
 4. InfoSeek           6,000,000   910,000
 5. Pathfinder         4,800,000 1,400,000
 6. Playboy            4,723,957 1,141,112
 7. HotWired           3,000,000   428,571
 8. Microsoft          3,000,000   280,000
 9. Silicon Graphics   2,640,000   105,000
10. Lycos              2,141,578 1,848,000
(May 1-7, 1995)

Gerald Q. Maguire (KTH, Sweden) talk at GMD Fokus

Multicast file distribution for updating electronic student notebook; GPS for location-dependent processing. NCR WaveLAN has 1, need >= 2 spreading codes to allow switching for improved bandwidth, smooth hand-off, different rates through different-length spreading codes, redundancy for error compensation. MINT (mobile internet router) attaches to Ethernet port and has its own processor; SNMP manager for radio (power management); add API for callbacks for bandwidth change (-> application control!), delay, battery about to go, ... desk area wireless networks (around 1 m) for interconnecting equipment; body area network for connecting phone, pager, etc. Body as power source. (06/23/95)

In pursuit of the wired generation

While marketers are flocking to the Internet in hopes of capturing the attention of Generation X students, an analysis by Hanigan Consulting Group in New York indicates this may be a flawed strategy. While it's true that 98% of undergraduate students have access to the Internet and half of them use it every day, 71% use it just for e-mail, bypassing the Web entirely. Only 0.3% of students have every bought anything through the Internet, and plans for staying wired after graduation are sketchy -- just a third of the undergraduates intend to subscribe to an online service after graduation. (Investor's Business Daily 7/11/95 A8)

Commercial online service growth

A survey by the Information & Interactive Services Report indicates the number of subscribers to commercial online information services increased 17% in the past three months, for a total of about 8-1/2 million, 3 million of which belong to America Online, 3.2 million to CompuServe, and 1.6 million to Prodigy. (Atlanta Journal-Constitution 7/14/95 H3)

Leere Datenautobahnen

Gähnende Leere herrscht auf den deutschen Datenautobahnen. Gerade etwas mehr als 1.1 Millionen Menschen nutzen über Telefonleitungen vernetzte Informationsdienste, obwohl zumindest nach Ansicht der Bundesregierung die deutsche Infrastruktur dafür bereits jetzt den internationalen Vergleich nicht zu scheuen braucht. Das geht aus einer vom Bundestags-Pressedienst in Bonn veröffentlichten Antwort der Bundesregierung auf eine SPD-Anfrage hervor.

Zur Zeit gibt es demnach in Deutschland 750 000 Datex-J beziehungsweise Btx-Nutzer. 250 000 Anschlüsse an das Internet und weitere 100 000 an Compuserve zählte die Regierung, insgesamt also mehr als eine Million Datenautobahn-"Fahrer." In Frankreich bedienen sich 6,5 Millionen Menschen, etwas jeder neunte, des dem Btx vergleichbaren Minitel Systems. Über 25 Millionen US-Bürger, etwa jeder zehnte, schalten sich regelmäßig in Online-Dienste ein.

Die etwa 23,5 Millionen Kabelanschlüsse in Deutschland entsprächen einem Versorgungsgrad von 40 Prozent.

Tagesspiegel, S. 23, 8/19/95

Btx Internet prices

DM 8/month Btx access
DM 0.06/min 8-18
DM 0.02/min 18-8
DM 0.10 Internet
FAZ 1/30/96 p. T1: official start: 1983; 1993: 400,000; 1996: 1,000,000. 1/96: 19 mio. calls (19 per month/subscriber, 10-15 min. avg.) services (5700 services, 780,000 pages in Ulm):
26% banking
17% closed applications (logistics)
18% shopping
11% information
 9% PC
 7% entertainment
 6% travel/traffic
 5% city information
 1% sex

Studie warnt vor Multimedia Euphorie

800 telephone interviews in the US by consulting company Mercer little enthusiasm for video-on-demand, but still $12b market private communication, entertainment, information from $60b to $100b in the year 2005 or 2010; multimedia providers would have to invest up to $2000 per household, while the average household would only pay $60 per month for telephone and cable. Tagesspiegel, 9/24/95, p. 24

The amazing shrinking Internet

A survey recently conducted by Trish Information Services for O'Reilly & Associates pegs the number of Internet users in the U.S. far below the usual 15 million figure. The survey suggests the real number is 5.8 million (in addition to the 3.9 million estimated to be commercial online service users). According to the survey, the demographics of the group show 67% are male, more than half are between the ages of 18 and 34, and about half work for companies with more than 1,000 employees. The median household income falls in the $50,000-75,000 range. (Investor's Business Daily 28 Sep 95 A8)

Meanwhile, a survey of online usage commissioned by Internet publishers O'Reilly & Associates and Trish Information Services found that only 3.7% of American adults are online and most are men who make between $25,000 and $75,000 a year. source

Survey ranks U.S. no. 1 in multimedia readiness

Not surprisingly, an International Telecommunication Union survey of 39 countries ranked the U.S. tops in ability to use multimedia services, thanks to broad penetration of telephone lines, TV sets and personal computers. Denmark came in second, followed by Canada and Sweden. Tied for fifth were Australia, France and Switzerland, with the Netherlands eighth, Germany ninth and Japan tenth. The report describes the "info-communications industry" as practically recession-proof, with revenues of $1.43 trillion in 1994, or 6% of the world economy. (Tampa Tribune 3 Oct 95 B&F8)

PC Usage

53% of home PCs are equipped with modems; 28% of home PC users currently access an online service; 10% of home PC users have tried an online service, but no longer use one.

Most Popular features used Online Services (in rank order)

      1. E-Mail 
      3. Internet 
      4. News on Topics (includes sports scores) 
      5. Info and Reference 
      6. Chat 
Reasons for Canceling an Online Service
      49% - Free Trial Over 
      43% - Too expensive 
      34% - Extra Fees (a la CompuServe's old pricing model) 
      20% - Too slow/Hard to Connect

Times Mirror Survey Unit Looks At Online

Electronic mail is the most regularly used online activity among computer users and only one in five online users have accessed the Internet's World Wide Web, according to a new survey. "Few see online activities as essential to them, and no single online feature, with the exception of e-mail, is used with any regularity," said the report. The Times Mirror Center for The People and The Press interviewed 3,603 adults in May and June for the survey about Americans "going online." The survey had a 3% margin of error. "Consumers have yet to begin purchasing goods and services online, and there is little indication that online news features are changing traditional news consumption patterns," the report said. While subscribers to an online service jumped from 5 million in the winter of 1994 to almost 12 million last June, that still represents only two-thirds of the 18 million homes where computers are equipped with modems, the survey said. The survey found that online privacy issues worry many users. "A major fear of Americans about technology is the potential loss of privacy amid the powerful array of interconnected data bases holding information about them," the survey said. Twenty percent said they worry about this "a lot," while 30% worry "some." Times Mirror said that more than 8 million households with unused online capability "represent a clear potential source for the continued rapid expansion of online usage." Moreover, the survey determined that only 32% of those who go online say they would miss it "a lot" if it were no longer available. By contrast, 58% of newspaper readers and 54% of cable TV subscribers would miss those services if deprived of them. At a time when newspapers and magazines are full of talk about cyberspace, the survey found that only one in five of all online users--3% of Americans--have ever signed on to the World Wide Web. An exception to the slight usage is e-mail. Twenty-nine percent of e-mail users check their mail once a day, 22% more than once, the survey found. On a typical day, the average e-mail user sends three messages and receives five. Last year, in the first such survey, the center estimated 31% of all American households had a computer and 26% of all adults used a home computer at some time. That has increased to 36% of all households having a computer and 32% of adults using one.

Cowles/SIMBA Media Daily 10/16/95=

PC penetration

Total PC count/PCs per 100 inhabitants in Germany:
1993   9.8  12
1994  12.2  15
1995  15.1  19
1996  18.4  23
Der Tagesspiegel, 10/17/95, p. 15

PC/Internet Usage

According to the survey, last winter there were 11 million Americans with access to a computer with a modem at home. By last June, the figure had shot up to 18 million. The study points out that the 12 million who use online services represent only two-thirds of the people with access to a computer with a modem. 53% of all online users use e-mail at least once per week
30% of all online users use the services to get news
23% of all online users said they participated in discussions online
14% of all online users use the services to get financial information
7% of all online users use the services to play games
29% of e-mail users check mail at least once per day
22% check e-mail more than once per day
25% Have met someone in person after meeting them online
Over 25% have had online sessions lasting more than 3 hours
52% are in favor of barring pornography from the Internet
20% worry about privacy issues "a lot", 30% worry "some"
14% of all Americans use online services or Internet services (Including access from the workplace)
3.5 percent of all Americans access an online service or Internet service every day. (Also includes access from the workplace)

As of 9/30/95 according to IISR:

Service                                 # of Subscribers (world wide)
========                                =================
America Online                          3,800,000 
CompuServe                              3,540,000
Prodigy                                 1,720,000
Microsoft Network                         200,000 
Delphi                                    125,000
eWorld                                    115,000

Web survey

Jupiter Communications and Yahoo! released the results of an unscientific study based on 63,000 responses to a survey form that was available on Yahoo! According to the survey, Web users spend an average of 20 hours a week online. The survey indicated that 55% of those who access the Web access from personal computers at home and 61% said that they watched less television as a result of being online (hey, there are only so many hours in the day). Though 60% of the respondents said they had access to a major online service, only 8% used an online service to access the Web, opting instead to use Internet service providers. This statistic raises questions about the number of people that have accounts on multiple services. source

Media Notes: Nielsen Survey Shows Internet Usage Up

CommerceNet and Nielsen Media Research say a new survey shows a sharp rise in Internet usage in the United States and Canada to a point that it rivals time spent viewing rented video tapes. Conducted for CommerceNet by Nielsen Media Research, the Internet Demographics Survey is the first population-projectable survey regarding Internet usage, the companies said. Among the survey's findings: there is a sizable base of Internet users--some 24 million people--in the United States and Canada; users of the World Wide Web are an ideal target for business applications since they were found typically to be more educated and to have higher incomes than the rest of the population; and some 2.5 million people have already made purchases using the Web. The study found that users access the Internet fairly frequently, with 31% accessing it at least once a day. In addition, Internet users spend an average of five hours and 28 minutes online per week. When accumulated and averaged against the total number of people in the population, this translates to roughly 35 minutes per week per person--equivalent to the average amount of time a person spends viewing video tapes per week, the companies said. More information about the report is available at http://www.commerce.net and http://www.nielsenmedia.com. (Cowles/SIMBA Media Daily 10/30/95)

Seattle Filmworks

For just $13.90 U.S. Seattle Filmworks will process a roll of 24 photos, email you when there done, let you download them off the Net and follow up with prints and a diskette a few days later in Snail. When Uncle Harry wants pictures, just stick the "roll" up on your home page and let him download the roll and view them with the free viewer from Seattle fim works.

But can I still read "The Star" at the checkout counter?

The Kroger national chain of supermarkets plans to take grocery orders on the Internet for home delivery and will begin testing the service in Columbus, Ohio. Customers will call up Kroger's new site on the World Wide Web, browse a menu of "aisles'' of groceries or search for specific items, total up the order and pay when it's delivered. Delivery will cost $10 for orders up to $100, and 10 percent of the bill for orders above over $100. (Cincinnati Enquirer 9 Nov 95 C15)

Internet Survey

A new survey released Thursday puts the number of U.S. Internet users at 9.5 million, well below the 24 million figure cited in an earlier study by Nielsen Media Research. The latest survey, by Find/SVP, featured a slew of interesting data: The Nielsen study has been criticized for methods that may have inflated its numbers. source

On-line Usage

In the case of America Online and CompuServe, we know (because they tell us) that most of the users, anywhere from 50%-70% depending on who you talk to, don't use the 5 free hours of service. There are a lot of users using more than the 5 free hours though, and these users drive up the average time spent online to about 6-8 hours per month, on average spending about $17-$18 month in the case of America Online. 1/22/96

Hardenbergplatz Web Camera Statistics

1/25/96 to 2/8/96:
6.04  1.00     22737347    10735 | /step/view.html/
5.96 10.23    232814224    10600 | /step/view/hardenberg.jpg

TV, CATV and Telephones in Different Countries

Country Number of Telephones per 100
Sweden 66
United States 50
United Kingdom 40
Chile 10
Turkey 10
China 3
Pakistan 2
Spectrum 1/96, p. 40; note difference between phones and phone lines?
               units per 100 people, 1994
                  TV    PCs  phone CATV
                  sets       lines subscribers
United States     79.0  29.7 60.2  23.2
Canada            65.0  17.5 57.5  26.9
Japan             64.1  12.0 48.0   8.3
France            58.0  14.0 54.7   2.8
Germany           55.1  14.4 48.3  18.0
Denmark           55.0  19.3 60.4  12.8
Spain             49.6   7.0 37.1   0.8
Australia         48.2  21.7 49.6     -
Sweden            48.0  17.2 68.3  21.9
The Netherlands   48.0  15.6 50.9  37.5
Austria           48.0  10.7 46.5  13.0
Belgium           46.6  12.9 44.9  35.7
United Kingdom    45.0  15.1 48.9   1.6
Italy             45.0   7.2 42.9     -
Hungary           42.0   3.4 17.0   8.1
Switzerland       41.0  28.8 59.7  32.3
Czech Republic    39.0   3.6 20.9   5.7
Singapore         38.0  15.3 47.3     -
Argentina         38.0   1.7 14.1  13.2
Russia            37.9   1.0 16.2     -
Hong Kong         35.9  11.3 54.0   0.6
Republic of Korea 32.4  11.2 39.7   5.8
Taiwan            31.5   8.1 40.0  14.1
Poland            30.0   2.2 13.1   3.6
Israel            29.5   9.4 39.4  13.3
Brazil            29.0   0.9  7.4   0.3
Turkey            27.0   1.1 20.1   0.4
Portugal          25.0   5.0 35.0     -
Malaysia          23.1   3.3 14.7     -
China             23.1   0.2  2.3   2.5
Chile             23.0   3.1 11.0   2.3
Greece            22.0   2.9 47.8     -
Mexico            20.0   2.3  9.2   2.2
Thailand          18.7   1.2  4.7     -
Venezuela         18.0   1.3 10.9   1.0
Philippines       12.1   0.6  1.7   0.5
South Africa      10.1   2.2  9.5     -
Indonesia          8.7   0.3  1.3     -
India              5.5   0.1  1.1   1.1


1993: 7 bio. ATM transactions averaging $50 (NYT, mid-Feb.)

Online Subscriber Lists Keep Growing and Growing

Fueled by strong increases in the consumer segment, subscriptions to online services soared to nearly 15 million in 1995, according to Electronic Information Reports Year-End Online Subscriber Survey The industry posted a net gain of more than 5.7 million subscribers last year, according to the survey. Driven by the explosive popularity of the World Wide Web and the increasing number of newbies dipping a toe into cyberspace, consumer services increased 86.8% to reach 11.4 million subscribers at the end of 1995. America Online was the leading consumer service, finishing the year with 4.5 million subscribers, a 200% gain from 1.5 million subscribers at the end of 1994. AOL had grown to 5 million by February and has predicted it will have 10 million customers by the end of 1997. Among business services, the report said, Lexis-Nexis was king with 744,000 subscribers, followed by Dow Jones News Retrieval with 233,000. source

AT&T Worldnet

04/96: 16,000 modems (US Robotics, Ascent), scale to 100,000. Goal: 2 mio. customers. 05/23/96: 150,000 registered, 600,000 requests for the WorldNet software, 4 million minutes of usage daily

WWW use doubled in '95

Home use of the World Wide Web doubled in the last six months of 1995, according research firm Odyssey. The company's study estimates Web penetration at about 7.5 million households, or 8% of the U.S. total. (Wall Street Journal 7 Mar 96 B6)

Technical fix may resolve online copyright issues

In the next year or so, distributors of electronic information will be able to include encryption devices that prevent customers from passing usable copies onto other unauthorized users. Other software under development will create hidden digital "watermarks" that automatically attach themselves to a file, enabling providers to identify all users. "Copyright law will start to take a back seat to technology," says an intellectual property consultant. "Anything that you do with a piece of content" will be traceable. (Chronicle of Higher Education 22 Mar 96 A23)

Generation X should be "Generation PC"

A survey of 3,200 respondents by Custom Research Inc. shows 99% of people born after 1971 had used a computer before the age of 10. More than 66% of those under age 25 called themselves "intermediate," "expert" or "power" users. Of those born after 1971, only 7% had used a computer before age 10, and only 19% rated themselves "intermediate" or above. The survey was conducted via an electronic kiosk that's part of a traveling Smithsonian exhibit. (Investor's Business Daily 21 Mar 96 A8)

Small phone companies want Internet Regulation

Small telephone companies, faced with new technology that enables phone calls, particularly long-distance ones, to be placed over the Internet, are clamoring for more government regulation of Internet activities. While Internet access is defined as an "enhanced service," free from federal access charges, telephone companies must pay FCC fees when they provide long-distance service. "The Internet completely shatters the model that has been established to keep those subsidies alive," says a Heritage Foundation policy analyst. "The really scary thing is extending FCC price regulations into the computer sector. Just because we have an existing system in place and one group is getting stuck, doesn't mean we have to go stick it to another group." The America's Carriers Telecommunication Association has petitioned the FCC to stop the use of the Internet for long-distance service, and the FCC has extended the comment deadline to May 8. (Investor's Business Daily 2 Apr 96 A4)

Computers Found In 34% of U.S. Households

WASHINGTON - The number of American homes with personal computers increased slightly last year but the percentage of households with PCs remained unchanged, a trade group says. The Software Publishers Association's fifth annual survey said the number of households with computers increased to 33.9 million from 32.6 million, while the percentage of homes with PCs remained at 34 percent. The survey of 630 random households found that 79 percent had machines compatible with computers made by IBM while 16 percent had Apple Computer machines, the same as last year. Seventy percent of PC households reported owning a modem, of which 46 percent subscribed to an on-line service. Of all PCs purchased in 1995, 83 percent were equipped with CD-ROM drives, compared with 55 percent in 1994, the survey said. source

June Email

He said Juno charges advertisers about 9 cents per user, so if all 100,000 customers call up their E-mail every day, it would cost an advertiser about $9,000 a day, or $63,000 per week. In contrast, he said, direct mail ads end up costing about 55 cents to 80 cents per reader, and print ads cost about 5 cents to 7 cents per reader and they don't have an interactive component. source


PSI: 2 Gb/day of news = 185 kb/s; 4 separate networks (games, Usenet, regular IP, MBone)

Survey Says: 29 Million on the Net

Fifteen percent of all Americans are flocking to the Internet, according to a Louis Harris Poll released Sunday. The telephone survey conducted two weeks ago asked 1,005 adults about their online habits. The survey found 15 percent, or 29 million people, use the Internet. A slightly larger number of computer users, 17 percent of those surveyed, subscribe to an online service. According to the poll, nearly one in five Americans use email. source

Keynote: Arno Penzias

Eliminate unneeded information intermediaries.
hierarchical team-based learning-based
focus internals outcomes relationship
value capital information attention
communication presentation active listening dialogue
knowledge compartmentalized shared rebuilt

Surveys: Consumers Embracing New Technologies

Traditional broadcast television is facing stiff competition from cable TV, pay-per-view, direct broadcast satellite services and other technologies, according to Odyssey's annual survey of at-home information and entertainment. The survey by the San Francisco-based market research firm revealed that 53% of cable subscribers now receive at least one premium channel up, from 46% two years ago. The study also says consumers use their VCRs to tape shows an average of 13.3 times per month. The survey found that 4.5 million U.S. households have direct broadcast satellite service -- making it more than just a phenomenon limited to those without access to cable hookups. Consumers are also using their computers more and more. The average home PC user spends 11.4 hours per week using the computer for personal use as opposed to 8.5 hours last year. How do users spend their computer time? Either using online services or CD-ROMs, according to Odyssey President Nick Donatiello. Meanwhile, another survey of home computer usage from a Louis Harris & Associates poll said at least 33 million American adults use some type of computer online service, while about 29 million surf the Internet. The poll also showed that at least 41 million adults in the United States use some form of electronic mail. Source

Infocom'96: traffic control

Hluchyj: traffic = RT (voice, video) + non-RT (short "transactions", long "bulk"); voice: low packet rate, low volume. Video (needs low loss rate): CBR, VBR + shaper, VBR with feedback. Use ABR + UBR to fill out some PCR. "Rebirth of Poisson modeling"

Infocom'96: Mobile Local Networking

Ahmid Ahmadi, IBM

topology: cell-based, non cell-based

Link access: radio (unlicensed spectrum; ISM at 902 MHz, 2.4 GHz, 5.7 GHz) using DS or FH) = few Mb/s, range 10-100 m; infrared (diffuse or IRDA) = 1 - 10 Mb/s, range 5 - 10 m.

Media access: CSMA/CD, 802.11, reservation TDMA

Link layer mobility: transparent to higher layers, but different solutions for different LANs, difficult for long-distance moves. Network layer mobility: same for different LANs, but may need different ones for different network protocols (Internet, APPN, Novell).

Transport: link scheduling; link awareness feedback; split connection.

Switching among many different wireless networks: IR, RF, CDPD.

The Growth Of Online/Internet Advertising

(1996-06-04) NEW YORK - Online/Internet advertising remains a small drop in the total $125 billion U.S. advertising market, but some see dramatic growth taking place. Here is technology consultant Jupiter Communications' estimate of advertising totals online for 1995 to 2000:
1995 $80 million
1996 $343 million
1997 $1.1 billion
1998 $2.2 billion
1999 $3.6 billion
2000 $5.0 billion

Internet Demographic: Still Male, But In Flux


The adage about the Internet being "mostly male, mostly pale" still holds true according to a recent survey from the Georgia Institute of Technology, which found the average user of the World Wide Web is a 33-year-old white male with an income of $59,000. That's a demographic in flux, however, as the survey noted the percentage of women using the Web was steadily increasing, up roughly 2% from 29% in a similar survey last fall. That increase has been even more dramatic in Europe, where the number of women jumped 45%, to 15.2% from 10.5%. "There's been a tremendous shift in age and gender, in the direction of greater diversity," noted Colleen Kehoe, a researcher on the project. Kehoe told Media Daily that among the survey's more startling findings was the abrupt shift away from office and educational use towards home use. "The big story is where people are accessing the Web," she said. "Half the people we surveyed are home users, which is a big switch from two years ago, when the primary means of accessing the Internet was at work or from an educational institution." According to Kehoe, 48.5% of the 11,700 Web users surveyed accessed the Internet from home using local providers, versus 27.9% a year ago. While the survey was not random, Kehoe said the results were sound because of the size of the group, and the fact that the baseline demographic numbers match up with similar surveys from research firms Find/SVP, and Nielsen Media Research. The survey, the latest of five from Georgia Institute of Technology, can be viewed on the Web at http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/user_surveys. source

MCI Backbone

MCI says it plans to increase the backbone speed of its Internet network from 155 megabits per second to 622 megabits by year's end. The company reports that 13,000 switch ports will be added to accommodate customers, and a total of $60 million will be invested in the equipment necessary to secure the higher backbone speeds. Since its launch in late 1994, MCI says that traffic on its network has grown 5,610 percent and over 250 terabytes [per month]

Netday News, 6/25/96


From: ron@canuck.com (Ron Hill) Subject:Anti-spam e-mail law, URL and relevant legal text Date: 1996/06/16 Posted to: alt.usenet.offline-Reader.forte-Agent

Lately, there have been a few messages in this newsfroup complaining (with justification) about increases in the frequency of unsolicited commercial e-mail. Be aware that this cloud has a silver lining. Under US Code Title 47, you can make *at least* $500 from each instance of unsolicited e-mail. Assuming that there is an inexhaustible supply of morons with computers (a reasonable assumption, IMO), you may never have to work again!

Here's the legalese. Under USC 47 Sec.227(b)(1)(C):

"It shall be unlawful for any person within the United States to use any telephone facsimile machine, computer, or other device to send an unsolicited advertisement to a telephone facsimile machine"

where a "telephone facsimile machine" is defined in Sec.227(a)(2)(B) as:

"equipment which has the capacity to transcribe text or images (or both) from an electronic signal received over a regular telephone line onto paper." Note that under this definition, your e-mail account, modem, computer and printer constitute a fax machine. And now, the payoff. Under Sec.227(b)(3)(B):

"A person or entity may, if otherwise permitted by the laws or rules of court of a State, bring in an appropriate court of that State - (A) an action based on a violation of this subsection or the regulations prescribed under this subsection to enjoin such violation, (B) an action to recover for actual monetary loss from such a violation, or to receive $500 in damages for each such violation, whichever is greater, or (C) both such actions. If the court finds that the defendant willfully or knowingly violated this subsection or the regulations prescribed under this subsection, the court may, in its discretion, increase the amount of the award to an amount equal to not more than 3 times the amount available under subparagraph (B) of this paragraph."

So, don't keep your name out of the newsfroup archives via X-No-Archive! Don't fake your e-mail address to foil the header scanners! Profit from the stupidity of others! MAKE MONEY FAST!

Ahem. Sorry, got a little carried away there.

Alternatively, you could make a file from the legal text above, prepend it to each unsolicited e-mail and send it to the postmaster at the originating site.

Still, I *really* hope somebody from Hawaii sends me an ad this winter! ;^)

Ron Hill (ron@canuck.com)
"The Internet is the largest collaboration of people that the world
has ever seen, but it's also the largest half-finished thing ever
made." Harold Thimbleby - New Scientist 23 March 1996 p.  59


Meeting 7/30/96; K. Verni (TD1, Netzentwicklung, ATM); C. Streichert (TD32, Softwaresystems); M. Kipitz; M. Beckmann (Intel ProShare, Münster); Wolf Bauerfeld (DeTeBerkom); Zorneck (Strategic Planning) ZEDAT (FU Berlin): Modem usage statistics (where?) http://www.fu-berlin.de/ZEDAT/ June 28, 1996: Telekom offers SVC with 23 nodes

costs of digging trench and pulling first fiber: 70000 DM/km; additional fiber strand: 150 DM/km; 400 DM/subscriber CO costs

Credit card charges

5 cents for a credit-card authorization, 18 cents to settle, and a 2.25 percent transaction fee on top of that. CyberCoin: 8 c/25 c transactions, rising to 31 c for $10. source


While Forrester Research put ad revenues at less than $30 million last year, the company is projecting ad revenues to reach $80 million this year, according to analyst Mary Modahl. I/Pro, which provides Web measurement and analysis services, put the figure for this year at $110 million.

Click-through rates are estimated at an average of 1-1/2 percent to 4 percent, LeFurgy said.


MCI Upgrade

MCI Communications Corp. has completed a $60 million upgrade of its worldwide Internet backbone, quadrupling data transmission speeds to 622M bits per second ... Traffic on MCI's Internet network is growing by 30 percent per month, with more than 320 trillion bytes of data currently running over the network each month, MCI officials said. (USA Today)